The Positivity Effect


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DOI: Mendeley users who have this article in their library. Add to library Sign in to view PDF. Abstract An older adult positivity effect, i. Register to see more suggestions Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work. Already have an account? Sign in. Readers' Seniority.

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A series of studies show converging evidence of a positivity effect in consumers' inferences about service providers. When the consumer has little experience with a service, positive information about a single employee leads to inferences that the firm's other service providers are similarly positive to a greater extent than negative information leads to inferences that the firm's other service providers are similarly negative.

Four studies were conducted that varied in the amount of information about the service provider, the firm, and the service. The positivity effect was supported despite differences across studies in methods as well as measures. Copyright by the University of Chicago. Handle: RePEc:oup:jconrs:vyip as. More about this item Statistics Access and download statistics.

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Cognition and Emotion , 24 2 , — Kellough, J. LaBar, K. Behavioral Neuroscience , 5 , — Lang, P. Lee, T. Arousal increases neural gain via the locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system in younger adults but not in older adults. Nature Human Behaviour , 2, — Aging, emotion, and health-related decision strategies: Motivational manipulations can reduce age differences. Psychology and Aging , 22 1 , — Mather, M. Psychology and Aging , 20, — Milham, M. Brain and Cognition , 49 3 , — Miller, E. Annual Review of Neuroscience , 24 1 , — Morawetz, C. The effect of strategies, goals and stimulus material on the neural mechanisms of emotion regulation: A meta-analysis of fMRI studies.

Acknowledgments

Opitz, P. Selection, optimization, and compensation in the domain of emotion regulation: Applications to adolescence, older age, and major depressive disorder. Social and Personality Psychology Compass , 6 2 , — Perneczky, R. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry , 14 2 , — Petrican, R. Cognitive resources, valence, and memory retrieval of emotional events in older adults. Psychology and Aging , 23 3 , — Radloff, L.

Applied Psychological Measurement , 1 3 , — Reed, A. Meta-analysis of the age-related positivity effect: Age differences in preferences for positive over negative information. Psychology and Aging , 29 1 , 1— Riediger, M. Seeking pleasure and seeking pain: Differences in prohedonic and contra-hedonic motivation from adolescence to old age. Psychological Science , 20 12 , — Scheibe, S. Emotional aging: Recent findings and future trends. Simon, J.

How To Reprogram Your Mind (for Positive Thinking)

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West, R.


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Age-related decline in inhibitory control contributes to the increased Stroop effect observed in older adults. Psychophysiology , 37 2 , — Winecoff, A. Cognitive and neural contributors to emotion regulation in aging. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience , 6 2 , — Sakaki, M.

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Study Links "Positivity Effect" With Subclinical Memory Impairment - Psychiatry Advisor

Collabra: Psychology , 5 1 , p. Collabra: Psychology. Collabra: Psychology , 5 1 , Log in Log in Don't have an account? Register Here. Start Submission Become a Reviewer. Special Collection: Research Nexus: Motivated cognition: Effects of reward, emotion, and motivational processes across a variety of cognitive domains.

Jasmine A. Cognitive control mechanisms are critical in achieving such goals and therefore SST predicts that the positivity effect is associated with preserved cognitive control mechanisms in older adults.

Positivity effect specific to older adults with subclinical memory impairment

In contrast, the aging-brain model suggests that the positivity effect is driven by an agerelated decline in the amygdala which is responsible for emotional processing and emotional learning. The aim of the current research was to address whether the age-related positivity effect is associated with cognitive control or impaired emotional processing associated with aging.

We included older old adults, younger old adults and younger adults and tested their memory for emotional stimuli, cognitive control and amygdala-dependent fear conditioned responses. Consistent with prior research, older adults, relative to younger adults, demonstrate better memory for positive over negative images. We further found that within a group of older adults, the positivity effect increases as a function of age, such that older old adults demonstrated a greater positivity effect compared to younger older adults.

Furthermore, the positivity effect in older old adults was associated with preserved cognitive control, supporting the prediction of SST. Contrary to the prediction of the aging-brain model, participants across all groups demonstrated similar enhanced skin conductance responses to fear conditioned stimuli — responses known to rely on the amygdala.

Our results support SST and suggest that the positivity effect in older adults is achieved by the preserved cognitive control mechanisms and is not a reflection of the impaired emotional function associated with age. How to Cite: Sakaki, M. Published on 21 Oct Peer Reviewed.


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CC BY 4. Results All analyses were performed with SAS ver 9. Table 1 Demographic measures and results in cognitive and self-reported questionnaires. Young Younger old Older old Age

The Positivity Effect The Positivity Effect
The Positivity Effect The Positivity Effect
The Positivity Effect The Positivity Effect
The Positivity Effect The Positivity Effect
The Positivity Effect The Positivity Effect
The Positivity Effect The Positivity Effect
The Positivity Effect The Positivity Effect
The Positivity Effect The Positivity Effect
The Positivity Effect

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